Rick Williams is a fisheries ecologist and Research Associate in the Department of Biology at The College of Idaho. His research and consulting focuses on conservation of native steelhead, redband and cutthroat trout in western North America. Rick has been active in Columbia River salmon recovery issues since 1987, and in 2006, published a book on Pacific salmon recovery (Return to the River) that describes the century-long decline of Columbia River salmon and steelhead and proposes a new approach to their restoration. Rick continues to be active in writing and public speaking on Snake River and Columbia River salmon and steelhead recovery. Rick is actively working on a new book on the general failure of salmon management with his longtime colleague, Jim Lichatowich (author of Salmon Without Rivers).